Doi Suthep is a mountain situated to the west of Chiang Mai, Thailand, with an elevation of 1,676 meters (5,499 ft). The mountain is best known for its most famous and sacred temple, Wat Phra That Doi Suthep, which is often simply referred to as “Doi Suthep” as well. Located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from Chiang Mai city and at an elevation of 1,073 meters, the temple offers impressive views of downtown Chiang Mai and holds great significance for many Thai people.
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep is the most renowned temple in northern Thailand and is situated within the Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, which also encompasses the neighboring peak, Doi Pui. With its striking architecture, intricate details, and historical significance, the temple attracts both local and international visitors who come to experience its spiritual atmosphere and admire the stunning panoramic views of the surrounding area.
History of Doi Suthep
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep is a sacred Buddhist temple and one of the most important sites in Chiang Mai, Thailand. The temple’s construction began in 1386, and it has since become a significant destination for both religious devotees and tourists alike[source].
According to legend, the temple was built to house a piece of bone from the shoulder of the Lord Buddha. The bone was mounted on a white elephant, which was then set loose into the wild. The elephant eventually climbed to the top of Doi Suthep, a mountain in Chiang Mai, where it trumpeted three times before dying. The temple was built on that very spot as a tribute to the elephant and to enshrine the relic[source].
The temple features a stunning architectural style, with seven-headed serpent statues lining the stairs leading to the temple complex[source]. Over the centuries, the temple has seen various expansions and restorations, resulting in the beautiful structure that stands today. The temple’s iconic golden chedi (stupa) houses the holy relic and is a prime example of Lanna-style architecture, making it a symbol of the rich cultural heritage of the region.
Attractions and Activities
One of the must-see attractions at Doi Suthep is the Wat Phra That Doi Suthep, a mountaintop temple known not only for its beautiful architecture but also for the stunning panoramic views of Chiang Mai. The central shrine within the temple houses a revered seated Buddha, making it a popular spiritual destination for tourists and locals alike.
For nature lovers, the Huai Rap Sadet Waterfall is a hidden gem close to Doi Suthep. With its lush green surroundings, cascading waters, and the soothing sounds of local music playing in the area, it offers a serene and picturesque setting for a relaxing day out.
Another unique activity to consider while visiting Doi Suthep is joining a meditation course at the temple. Wat Doi Suthep offers programs for both beginners and more experienced practitioners, providing a peaceful environment to connect with oneself and embrace the calming practice of meditation.
For those who enjoy shopping and exploring local markets, the Night Bazaar in Chiang Mai is a must-visit. This vibrant market offers a wide array of local handicrafts, souvenirs, street food, and entertainment, making it an ideal spot to spend an evening immersed in the local culture.
Adventure enthusiasts can also indulge in outdoor activities such as cliff diving at the Hang Dong Rock Quarry, easily accessible from Doi Suthep.
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep is Chiang Mai’s most famous temple and the most sacred temple in northern Thailand, located on the 1,676-meter-high Doi Suthep mountain (Go To Thailand). To reach the temple, visitors need to climb the 306 elegant steps of the Naga Staircase or choose to take the funicular cable car for a fare of 20 baht (Bon Voyage Thailand).
The temple is situated at an elevation of 1,073 meters, providing impressive views of downtown Chiang Mai (Wikipedia). The staircase is adorned with Naga serpents, dragon-like deities in Hindu and Buddhist mythology, guarding the entrance to the temple.
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep’s stunning golden architecture makes it a must-see attraction during a blue sky day, as the sunlight emphasizes its beauty (TripAdvisor). The temple is located within the Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, making it a perfect destination for both cultural exploration and enjoying the natural landscapes of the area.
Hiking and Nature Trails
Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, located near Chiang Mai, offers some of the best hiking opportunities in the region. With a diverse range of trails suitable for various skill levels, visitors can explore the beautiful landscapes and discover hidden temples along the way.
One of the most popular trails is the Monk’s Trail, which leads to the famous Wat Phra That Doi Suthep temple. This 3.7-mile trail provides a moderate hike with beautiful nature trails and lush greenery. Along the way, you’ll come across the lesser-known Wat Pha Lat, also known as the “Jungle Temple.
For those seeking a more challenging adventure, consider hiking the 10.8-kilometer trail to Doi Pui Summit. This challenging trek offers stunning views of the surrounding landscapes and will take around 5-6hours to complete. Some other notable trails within the national park include:
- Kru Ba Sri Wichai Monument Trail (2.2km)
- Chang Khian Waterfall Trail (1.6km)
- Pha Ngeam Trail (2.9km)
- Monthathan Waterfall Loop (3.1km)
Before embarking on a hike, it is essential to adequately prepare, bringing appropriate footwear, ample water, snacks, and sun protection. It’s also a good idea to start your hike early in the day to avoid the afternoon heat and ensure a safer trek.
How to Get There
There are several ways to travel to Doi Suthep from Chiang Mai, depending on your preferences and budget. One of the most popular and affordable options is taking a red Songthaew truck taxi. These shared taxis can be easily flagged down and will take you to the main temple and back in around 40-45 minutes(source).
If you prefer a more organized tour or seek additional guidance, many tour operators in Chiang Mai offer trips to Doi Suthep. These tours often include transportation, a knowledgeable guide, and sometimes additional stops to nearby attractions.
Another option for getting to Doi Suthep is renting a scooter or motorbike. This allows you to explore the area at your own pace and enjoy the scenic route. Be aware that this option requires a valid international driver’s license and previous scooter or motorbike riding experience.
Lastly, for those who enjoy physical activities, a guided hike to Doi Suthep is available. This option combines the cultural experience of visiting the temple with a refreshing hike through the Doi Suthep-Pui National Park. Hiking tours can be arranged with local guides, and they usually last around 4-6 hours, depending on the trail and your fitness level.
Regardless of the method you choose, plan your visit according to the season, keeping in mind that the best months to visit Doi Suthep are usually between November and February(source).
Tips for Visiting
When planning a trip to Doi Suthep in Chiang Mai, it’s essential to keep several tips in mind, ensuring a memorable and respectful experience at this sacred site. Heed these suggestions to make the most of your visit.
1. Dress Appropriately: Adhere to the Doi Suthep Temple dress code. Avoid wearing shorts, sleeveless shirts, or other revealing attire. Show respect by wearing modest clothing when visiting this sacred place. If necessary, wear a sarong as a cover-up for otherwise unacceptable attire.
2. Plan Your Visit: Wat Phra That Doi Suthep is located about 9 miles from Chiang Mai, with the temple situated at an altitude of approximately 1,060 meters. Allocate enough time for travel and exploration of the temple and its surroundings.
3. Respect the Culture: When visiting Doi Suthep, be mindful of religious customs and practices. Do not touch statues or sacred objects, and remove your shoes before entering the temple. Additionally, give offerings or donations thoughtfully and generously when appropriate.
4. Consider Transportation Options: To reach Doi Suthep, you may choose among various transportation options such as taxis, tuk-tuks, or songthaews (shared pickups). If you prefer a more adventurous journey, consider renting a scooter or joining a guided tour.